The research and development (R&D) process can require considerable investment in both time and money.
When budgets are tight, IP expenditure will naturally come under scrutiny, with patent annuity payments often one of the first areas to be identified for cuts.
An internet meme is an activity, concept, catchphrase or piece of media which spreads, often as mimicry, from person to person via the internet. Novagraaf’s Claire Jones examines the IP issues.
Some of you may have noticed that Disney’s new heroine is called Vaiana in most parts of Europe and Moana almost everywhere else. Novagraaf’s Anca Draganescu-Pinawin explains the disparity.
The Madrid System for the international registration of marks offers brand owners the opportunity to apply and maintain protection for trademarks in more than 90 countries via one single procedure, in one language and one set of fees.